Understanding different data centers.

It is important that you choose the correct one to suit your business to be able to ensure that you get the service and facilities that are best for you.

Understanding Different Types of Data Center

If you are choosing a data center facility as a place to store your personal or business data, there are several different types that are available. It is important that you choose the correct one to suit your business to be able to ensure that you get the service and facilities that are best for you.

Although all data centers are designed and created to create the best place to protect and guard your server and networking equipment there are a number of different types of data centers to choose from.

There are five different types of data centers that you can choose from. These are:

  • The hyperscale data center
  • The colocation data center
  • The wholesale colocation center
  • The enterprise data center
  • The telecom data center

The type of data center that you choose needs to be the one that aligns best with your business requirements, as they are all different. Some of the differences between each type relate to who owns and operates it, who uses it, its size, the availability of interconnection, and whether or not technical guidance is also included in the price.

Defining a Data Center

A data center is an independent facility that is used to store (usually) a business’s data. This will usually consist of a server and business networking equipment, and the responsibility for physical and some cyber security, cooling, and energy-outage back-up is taken by the management company, leaving your mind at rest and your business able to function effectively.

If there is an energy cut, it is important that there is a back-up to enable your server and other technological equipment to continue to work, and the cooling process that is required to prevent technical equipment from over-heating can be expensive, so data centers can be an effective option to save businesses money.

By housing your networking equipment and server off-site, you can also save yourself space, and a data center can also save you money on security – both in a physical and technological sense. When it comes to security, a data center can give you a higher level than if you were to use your own security measures.

The fact that data centers are usually shared amongst a number of different businesses means that security and energy costs are spread out, making it drastically more cost-effective than if you were to each be paying separately.

Hyperscale Data Center

Different businesses require different amounts of space for their data storage equipment. Some businesses will just have a small server to house, whereas others (big technology companies like Google or Microsoft, for example) will require massive spaces to keep their equipment.

A hyperscale data center is one that can home a minimum of 500 servers in at least 10,000ft², but will often have up to 5,000 – meaning that it is suitable for use by larger companies who require more space. They are also designed and built to make it easy for a business to effectively, securely, and easily up-scale and are created to accommodate big data and cloud storage.

The servers can be linked by super-high-speed and high fiber count solutions, ensuring fast and secure connections.

Colocation Data Center

Colocation data centers can house up to 1000’s of racks for your own data storage equipment. They work on a space rental basis, whereby companies rent the amount of space that they require for their server or networking technology to numerous businesses.

The colocation data center has one owner who is responsible for certain aspects of the protection of your server and networking equipment, including cooling, energy back-up, physical security, and some cybersecurity. However, certain aspects of maintaining your IT infrastructure will be left under the control of your business.

They will also be able to facilitate interconnection to SaaS (Software as a Service) and PaaS (Platform as a Service) keeping costs low whilst businesses grow.

A colocation center can be the home to many business’s servers and networking equipment, keeping costs low as they are shared amongst all of the users.

Wholesale Colocation Data Center

A wholesale colocation center – also known as a multi-tenant data center – would typically have over 100 racks available to their customers, but instead of offering the complete interconnectivity package as a regular colocation data center does, they will normally offer simply the cooling, power, and space services.

As with a regular colocation center, a wholesale colocation data center enables businesses to split the costs between themselves, saving them money on the costs of energy and security.

 Enterprise Data Center

An enterprise data center is a data center that is built by a company for the storage of its own IT infrastructure, either on-site or in a separate location. The enterprise data center is normally built, set up, and managed in-house, and will house as many cabinets as are required by the business – or that there is space for.

Some businesses will outsource the set-up of their enterprise data center, whereas others will outsource their maintenance in conjunction with working with their own IT department.

Telecom Data Center

When there is a data center that is owned and managed by a telecommunications company – or a service provider, it is called a ‘telecom data center’. Their main focus is on ensuring effective and speedy high connectivity, facilitating cloud services, mobile services, and the delivery of content.

Telecom data centers are usually built and maintained in-house, and often can be fully automated to result in a lights-out operation. Some telecom companies also offer space to other businesses to offer a colocation service as well.